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Types of brackets and systems of braces — General information

The most important accessories in fixed braces are attachments called “brackets”. Brackets bond to the (inner or outer) surface of the teeth with a special cement. The force of a wire is needed to move the teeth. The wire is inserted in the bracket’s small horizontal slot. The bracket’s tie wings serve to allow the wire to be attached to the bracket (in traditional brackets).

What types of brackets are there?

There are many different types and brands of brackets. Here is a brief visual summary of the current brackets:

Traditional Metal Brackets

These are made of stainless steel and are the most common brackets on the market. I personally do not use them very much, because I now use self-ligating brackets in virtually all cases (read below). The traditional brackets that I use are very low-profile (more flat) and small in size.

barcelona Gracia Brackets Ortodoncia Dr. Friedlander

Conventional Ceramic Brackets

Ceramic brackets give a very natural look because they are translucent and the colour of the teeth shows through them. Clearly, they are much less visible than metal brackets. The best ceramic brackets are the ones with a metal-covered horizontal slot; this way, the teeth move better.Brackets Ortodoncia Dr. Friedlander barcelona invisalign invisible lingual incognito

Self-Ligating Brackets

Self-Ligating Brackets are the most significant advance in the world of orthodontia in the last 10 years.  The wire is held in place by a special clip or “little door” (depending on the system), and no elastic bands or metal ligatures need to be placed as in traditional brackets. As a result, visits are shorter, the forces that must be applied are more gentle and the teeth move faster. Brackets with a self-ligating system may be metal or ceramic (white).

Go to Self-Ligating Systems to read more.

Brackets Ortodoncia Dr. Friedlander barcelona invisalign invisible lingual incognito Brackets Ortodoncia Dr. Friedlander barcelona invisalign invisible lingual incognito

Lingual Brackets

Unlike visible brackets, lingual brackets are placed on the inner part of the teeth, and so they are invisible from the outside. The system that I use in lingual braces is 3M Incognito®. Its brackets are made of a gold alloy and are completely customised. Each bracket is specific to each tooth and each patient.

incognito barcelona Gracia lingual Brackets Ortodoncia Dr. Friedlander invisible

For small movements of the front teeth, I use Social 6 STb brackets, which are made of stainless steel. This type of treatment tends to take around 4 months.

incognito barcelona Gracia lingual Brackets Ortodoncia Dr. Friedlander invisible

Para más información consúltanos llamando al teléfono 93 832 72 81.

About the Author:

Soy odontólogo y máster en ortodoncia por la UB. Voy más allá de una sonrisa estética, me apasiona el buen funcionamiento y armonía de todo el sistema masticatorio hasta el último detalle y trabajo cada día por conseguir la excelencia en mis tratamientos, en constante formación, innovando en técnicas y siempre rodeado de un gran equipo de personas, que al igual que yo, tiene claro que en Ortodoncia Friedländer tratamos personas, no solo dientes.

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